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919l"laearget="m2al 订阅l=ou ======b-p" ====n/ss=" ======n/ss=" ====== ======nss="arget="m.m-lmiddlead{posil ==============nss="arget=" .cod3-163 p;linl ================"iogrel="nof/e-hMaxImag:Genws kclass="tx">nsdonglaowsty;linerel="nof/"ioge="h .r/84487532 r70308362ar &w=pcksh=pcks fxtja r50420_05>& ====nss="arget="用微信将文章分享到朋友圈。b-p" clasn/ss=" ====naearget="rea{hm "iogrel="nof/e-hMaxImag:Genws kclass="tx">nsdonglaowsty;linerel="nof/"ioge="h .r/84487532 r70308362ar &w=pcksh=pcks fxtja r50420_06"> ====nss="arget="用易信将文章分享到朋友圈。b-p" clasn/ss=" ====naearget="rea{hm R a rel="nof">我的照片书nsdonglaowsty;linerel="nof/"ioge="h .r/84487532 r5420103655749low >中华国宝重器>e>e>el=ou利簋l/siti"nbp-163-=";width:100%; 46px; :left; rgb(174, rel, rel); sitiofamily: 黑体; sitiopart2 x-ln cllsp >(西周)l=b"n/ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lsp >nsdonglaowsty;linerel="nof/fone/ie/"w >福成中华编录l=ou福成中华颂:l=ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l sitiofamily: 'Hira1=no Sans GB W3', 'Hira1=no Sans GB', Arnal, Helvetica, simsun, u5.m-u4fwtm :left; rgb(174, rel, rel);sp >汤汤中华,拥此簋以兴;洋洋九州,存此簋而盛l=ss=dn=ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddternsp >ode1.ph.126ordt/vVXKphKA6unaON-bWxK5Zg==/659824294562a85l_82.adlsp -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isibsp "n/ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >利簋器侈口,兽首双耳垂珥,垂腹,圈足下连铸方座。器身、方座饰饕餮纹,方座平面四角饰蝉纹。此种方座青铜始见于西周初年。器内底铸铭文4行33字,记载了甲子日清晨武王伐纣这一重大历史事件。b-bsp;>l/ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  利簋为圆形两耳方座,这是西周出现的新式样。利簋铭文内容与中国古代文献记载完全一致。作器者名“利”,他随武王参加战争,胜利后受到奖赏,铸造这件铜器以记功并用来祭奠祖先。利簋是迄今能确知的最早的西周青铜器。b-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  利簋采用上圆上方的形制,是西周初期铜簋的典型造型,同时也是中国古人对天圆地方这种古老观念的体现 nss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  文物价值  该簋腹内底部所铸4行33字铭文,记录了武王伐商的“牧野大战”这一重要的历史事件,bbsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lsp >且记录了具体的时间b-bsp;>lbsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lsp >在某年“甲子”日的早晨,“岁”星正当中天。在“夏商周断代工程”实施过程中,碳14测年专家用西周初年遗存中出土的炭样作了测年,给出武王伐纣之役发生在公元前1050-前1020年的年代范围;天文学家依据铭中所记“甲子”日“岁”(木)星在中天的天象,参照《国语·周语下》记载的天象记录,计算出武王伐纣的时间在公元前1046年1月20日。由此,古代史上这一著名的战役有了一个绝对年代;它为商周两代的划分,提供了重要的年代依据 l/ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  利簋记载的史实,也证实了《尚书·牧誓》、《逸周书·世俘》等文献的记载。及武王伐纣在甲子日晨,并逢岁(木)星当空,印证了《尚书·牧誓》中“时甲子日昧爽,王至于商郊牧野”的记录,与《淮南子·兵略训》等古代文献所记相合,具有非常重要的史料价值。利簋的发现,还证实了古籍中所载的“战一日而破纣之国”的正确记载 。利簋铭文虽然简略,却是有关武王伐纣史实的唯一文物遗存,价值、意义非凡。b-ss=dnss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  利簋铭文字体和商甲骨文、金文的形体结构是一致的   2003年,利簋随34件组档案文献列入第二批中国档案文献遗产名录 nss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  名称来源  铭文中所提到的有司,是当时中国古代的官职,在中国商周时期,青铜被称为“金”,是只有王族才能使用的贵重金属,商军溃败之后,身为有司的利得到周武王赏赐给他的青铜,并铸造了一件铜簋,作为永世的纪念。由于这件青铜簋是利所铸造,所以人们就称它为利簋。b-ss=dnss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  因为利簋铭文中所记载的武王伐纣在甲子日晨,并逢岁星当空,印证了《尚书·牧誓》中所记载的“时甲子日昧爽,王至于商郊牧野”。所以,利簋也被称作“武王征商簋”。b-ss=dn-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >nss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  簋内铭文  簋腹内底铸铭文4行33字如下:l=ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >bbsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lsp >  武王征商,唯甲子朝,岁鼎,克昏夙有商,辛未,王在阑师,赐有事利金,用作檀公宝尊彝 l/ss=dnss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >bbsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lsp >l/ss=dnss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddternsp >ode1.ph.126ordt/GgRR0ciQRatfzPvcAH0n-A==/66309 5928701856560.jplsp -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isib 7 #c2: w00m-lsp ><-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddternsp >簋内铭文拓片l=ss=   周武王征伐商纣王。一夜之间就将商灭亡,在岁星当空的甲子日早晨,占领了朝歌。在第八天后的辛未日,武王在阑师论功行赏,赐给右史利许多铜、锡等金属,右史利用其为祖先檀公作此祭器,以纪念先祖檀公(该释文为被较多人采信的张政烺先生所做的释文)。b-ss=dn-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp "nss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp "  b-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  bbsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l /pretalign: cddternsp >  b-bsp;>l-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddternsp >利簋文物鉴赏l=b"n/ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddternsp >ode2.ah.126ordt/WRL1_Y6oBiiUosUhEgCiUw==/65981472881112377d6.jplsp -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isibsp "n/ss=d  纹饰b-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  利簋的腹部和方座座壁的纹饰是以饕餮纹为主题;两侧加饰倒夔纹;圈足饰夔纹带;方座面四隅加饰蝉纹;都用云雷纹为底来衬托主题。方座上的兽面造型与利簋腹部的主体兽纹相仿,兽面巨目凝视,森严恐怖。仔细观察,在利簋的圈足部位还装饰有夔龙纹,呈二方连续图案绕利簋一周,方座四隅饰以蝉纹。兽面纹、夔龙纹和云雷纹三种纹饰共同装饰在青铜利簋上,线条流畅清晰,给这只肃穆庄严的西周铜簋平添了几分凝重和神秘。b-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  利簋的主要部位腹上用饕餮纹来装饰。饕餮纹与夔纹、龙纹、凤bbsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lsp "纹等一样,都属于幻想的神话动物。从艺术的角度来看,饕餮纹的形象被刻划为以鼻梁为中心,眉、眼、耳、角分别以对称形式排列在左右两侧。b-bsp;>l/ss=dn-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp "nss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp "  饕餮纹所呈现出的狰狞恐怖具有一种神秘的威严感,是一种“狞厉之美”,有镇慑邪魔的寓意。b-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  夔纹的形象是头大嘴长,张口,身细尾尖作卷曲状,均为一足,一角。夔纹和饕餮纹具有同样的装饰作用,所以夔纹也常被饰于器物上。b-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  云雷纹是青铜器上的一种最常见的典型纹饰。基本特征是以连续的回旋形线条构成的几何图形。有的作圆形的连续构图,也单称为云纹;有的作方形的连续构图,也单称雷纹。云雷纹常装饰在青铜器纹饰的空白处作为底纹,用以烘托主题纹饰,如利簋上的云雷纹被用来烘托饕餮纹。b-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  利簋器身所饰的花纹,具备了特有的历史面貌和时代风格,它一定程度上反映了商周时期的工艺美术特征 。b-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-lsp >  ode2.ah.126ordt/t19Y5m-SVVejn0cZOBQ4Nw==/659813079543682l="3.jplsp -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isibsp "n/ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddternsp >lbsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lsp "器身、方座饰饕餮纹b-bsp;>l/ss=dn-ss=dnss="-163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddternsp >ode2.ah.126ordt/Fe_-92430xfO5L9kq0E3Ww==/663082917167859677d.jplsp -163-=";width:100%; 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2.m-l siti-family: 'Hira1=no Sans GB W3', 'Hira1=no Sans GB', Arnal, Helvetica, simsun, u5.m-u4fwtm :left; rgb(174, rel, rel);"p >e汤汤中华,拥此簋以兴;洋洋九州,存此簋而盛</ss=>e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddtern"p >e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<odere-tlyP"利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p al{="中华镇国之宝:利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p -;}."s="tx">ode1.ph.126ordt/vVXKphKA6unaON-bWxK5Zg==/659824294562a85l_82.adl"p -syle=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isib"p >e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<brkasyle=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<brkasyle=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<-ss=>e&pan;nbsp;</ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  利簋(gui),又名“武王征商簋”、“周代天灭簋”或“檀公簋”,西周早期青铜器,1976年出土于陕西临潼县零口镇。现藏中国国家博物馆。为中国禁止出国的64件国宝之一。</ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  利簋通高28厘米,口径22厘米,重7.95千克。<bsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e利簋器侈口,兽首双耳垂珥,垂腹,圈足下连铸方座。器身、方座饰饕餮纹,方座平面四角饰蝉纹。此种方座青铜始见于西周初年。器内底铸铭文4行33字,记载了甲子日清晨武王伐纣这一重大历史事件。</bsp;>e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  利簋为圆形两耳方座,这是西周出现的新式样。利簋铭文内容与中国古代文献记载完全一致。作器者名“利”,他随武王参加战争,胜利后受到奖赏,铸造这件铜器以记功并用来祭奠祖先。利簋是迄今能确知的最早的西周青铜器。</ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  利簋采用上圆上方的形制,是西周初期铜簋的典型造型,同时也是中国古人对天圆地方这种古老观念的体现 ode1.ph.126ordt/GgRR0ciQRatfzPvcAH0n-A==/66309 5928701856560.jpl"p -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isib 7 #c2: w00m-l"p >e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddtern"p >e簋内铭文拓片</ss=>e&pan;nbsp;<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  释文译文大意:</ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  周武王征伐商纣王。一夜之间就将商灭亡,在岁星当空的甲子日早晨,占领了朝歌。在第八天后的辛未日,武王在阑师论功行赏,赐给右史利许多铜、锡等金属,右史利用其为祖先檀公作此祭器,以纪念先祖檀公(该释文为被较多人采信的张政烺先生所做的释文)。</ss=>e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  </ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  <bsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l /pretalign: cddtern"p >e  </bsp;>e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddtern"p >e<bp-163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e利簋文物鉴赏</b>e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddtern"p >e<bp-163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<brkasyle=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<-b>e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddtern"p >e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<odere-tlyP"利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p al{="中华镇国之宝:利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p -;}."s="tx">ode2.ah.126ordt/WRL1_Y6oBiiUosUhEgCiUw==/65981472881112377d6.jpl"p -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isib"p >e<-ss=>e&pan;nbsp;<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  纹饰</ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  利簋的腹部和方座座壁的纹饰是以饕餮纹为主题;两侧加饰倒夔纹;圈足饰夔纹带;方座面四隅加饰蝉纹;都用云雷纹为底来衬托主题。方座上的兽面造型与利簋腹部的主体兽纹相仿,兽面巨目凝视,森严恐怖。仔细观察,在利簋的圈足部位还装饰有夔龙纹,呈二方连续图案绕利簋一周,方座四隅饰以蝉纹。兽面纹、夔龙纹和云雷纹三种纹饰共同装饰在青铜利簋上,线条流畅清晰,给这只肃穆庄严的西周铜簋平添了几分凝重和神秘。</ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  利簋的主要部位腹上用饕餮纹来装饰。饕餮纹与夔纹、龙纹、凤<bsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e纹等一样,都属于幻想的神话动物。从艺术的角度来看,饕餮纹的形象被刻划为以鼻梁为中心,眉、眼、耳、角分别以对称形式排列在左右两侧。</bsp;>e<-ss=>e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  饕餮纹所呈现出的狰狞恐怖具有一种神秘的威严感,是一种“狞厉之美”,有镇慑邪魔的寓意。</ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  夔纹的形象是头大嘴长,张口,身细尾尖作卷曲状,均为一足,一角。夔纹和饕餮纹具有同样的装饰作用,所以夔纹也常被饰于器物上。</ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  云雷纹是青铜器上的一种最常见的典型纹饰。基本特征是以连续的回旋形线条构成的几何图形。有的作圆形的连续构图,也单称为云纹;有的作方形的连续构图,也单称雷纹。云雷纹常装饰在青铜器纹饰的空白处作为底纹,用以烘托主题纹饰,如利簋上的云雷纹被用来烘托饕餮纹。</ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  利簋器身所饰的花纹,具备了特有的历史面貌和时代风格,它一定程度上反映了商周时期的工艺美术特征 。</ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<brkasyle=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e  <odere-tlyP"利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p al{="中华镇国之宝:利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p -;}."s="tx">ode2.ah.126ordt/t19Y5m-SVVejn0cZOBQ4Nw==/659813079543682l="3.jpl"p -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isib"p >e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddtern"p >e<bsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e&pan;nbsp;</bsp;>e<bsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e器身、方座饰饕餮纹</bsp;>e<-ss=>e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddtern"p >e<bsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<brkasyle=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<-bsp;>e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddtern"p >e<bsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<brkasyle=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<-bsp;>e<-ss=>e</siti>e<siti :left="#c0c0c0"p fpce="Hira1=no Sans GB W3, Hira1=no Sans GB, Arnal, Helvetica, simsun, 宋体"p -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<ss= -163-="/pretalign: cddtern ;width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<odere-tlyP"利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p al{="中华镇国之宝:利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p -;}."s="tx">ode2.ah.126ordt/Fe_-92430xfO5L9kq0E3Ww==/663082917167859677d.jpl"p -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isib"p >e<-ss=>e&pan;nbsp;<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<brkasyle=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<ss= -163-="/pretalign: cddtern ;width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<odere-tlyP"利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p al{="中华镇国之宝:利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p -;}."s="tx">ode2.ah.126ordt/5UWUrHKF4p_8f6cHPgFMsw==/6631200806610797684.jpl"p -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isib"p >e<-ss=>e&pan;nbsp;<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<brkasyle=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<ss= -163-="/pretalign: cddtern ;width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<odere-tlyP"利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p al{="中华镇国之宝:利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p -;}."s="tx">ode0.ah.126ordt/vUJBw-k3Z_gQboOT3m8iKg==/6598198965157926963.jpl"p -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isib"p >e<-ss=>e&pan;nbsp;<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddtern"p >e&pan;nbsp;<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<odere-tlyP"利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p al{="中华镇国之宝:利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p -;}."s="tx">ode1.ph.126ordt/D3M3Vzhx4PEkSyU0SFmSCQ==/6631304r60703628950.jpl"p -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isib"p >e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<brkasyle=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<-ss=>e&pan;nbsp;<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<odere-tlyP"利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p al{="中华镇国之宝:利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p -;}."s="tx">ode0.ah.126ordt/XKwsLMXrpaH4xWrYgx6U8g==/659819566662a866230.jpl"p -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isib"p >e<-ss=>e&pan;nbsp;<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddtern"p >e<brkasyle=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<odere-tlyP"利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p al{="中华镇国之宝:利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p -;}."s="tx">ode2.ah.126ordt/9Z-op75eHU8kVkn2GwpHmw==/6631311857285025578.jpl"p -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isib"p >e<-ss=>e<bsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e兽首双耳垂珥</bsp;>e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddtern"p >e<brkasyle=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l /pretalign: cddtern"p >e<brkasyle=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<odere-tlyP"利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p al{="中华镇国之宝:利簋(西周) - 安东老王 - 福成中华"p -;}."s="tx">ode1.ph.126ordt/EBRJvuXUM3MBs_XDXs-dKg==/6598160482 0777605.jpl"p -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-lp;ecnt{: ax-h#per;tex: isifloat:isi isib"p >e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<bsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e方座饰饕餮纹特写</bsp;>e<-ss=>e<ss= -163-=";width:100%; 25m-l"p >e<bsp; -163-=";width:100%; 2.m-l"p >e<brkasyle=";width:100%; 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yxp.l=".c/"">我的照片书"iog.l=".c/"/h3{_bc/thlme/m 博客风格"iog.l=".c/"/services/wap"iog.html">手机博客www.po}.m-.c/"/app? =qbboke_20150209_02">下载LOFTER APPandonglaowang."iog.l=".c/"/rss/"/> ======bbsp; arget="p f510m -<=bsp;>bbsp; arget="f5:8" IE $_foot_sub"cribem>订阅此博客 ==== ====网易公司版权所有 ====